2023’s Deadly Dengue Outbreak: What You Should Know
With 10 new deaths recorded yesterday, the entire variety of dengue fatalities this yr has risen to 283 – making this the deadliest dengue yr because the first outbreak within the yr 2000.
Earlier, the best variety of deaths recorded was 281 in 2022.
Of the 283 lifeless this yr, 157 are males and 126 females, whereas the age group with the most deaths was 21-25 years outdated.
Specialists and docs attributed this yr’s unusually excessive demise toll to delayed hospitalization, reinfections, and the presence of Den-2 and Den-3 out of all 4 dengue strains.
HM Nazmul Ahsan, affiliate professor at Shaheed Suhrawardy Medical Faculty Hospital, burdened that sufferers should be instantly hospitalized in the event that they expertise extreme abdomen aches, respiratory difficulties, extreme weak spots, bleeding from gums or nostrils, and vomiting.
“If an affected person just isn’t hospitalized within 24 hours [of these symptoms surfacing], they could go into dengue shock syndrome.”
There are two kinds of dengue shocks — compensated shocks and decompensated shocks, he stated, including that if an affected person is hospitalized instantly after their compensated shock, they will not attain decompensated shock – throughout which the probability of restoration is simply 50 %.
In the meantime, the variety of dengue circumstances outdoors the capital has been growing quickly. Nonetheless, Dhaka nonetheless holds the best variety of dengue deaths this yr – 226 out of 283.
In response to the Directorate Basic of Well-being Providers, aside from the ten new deaths recorded yesterday, 9 of which have been in Dhaka, 2,589 folks have been hospitalized throughout the nation within the 24 hours until yesterday morning.
Of them, 1,444 have been outdoors in the capital.
Of the entire 59,716 dengue circumstances logged this yr, 27,154 have been outdoors in Dhaka.
Of the districts outdoors the capital, the best variety of dengue circumstances recorded to date – 2,252 – was in Chattogram, whereas Chandpur and Barishal had 1,051 and 916 respectively.
Entomologist Manzur A Chowdhury stated the infection price outdoors Dhaka normally will increase when these contaminants in Dhaka migrate out of the capital.
“Earlier, the epicenter [of the viral disease] can be Dhaka and would go outdoors if sufferers would journey out of the capital. However, this yr, the variety of sufferers appeared to have concurrently elevated in Dhaka and outdoors, as a result of intense breeding of the Aedes mosquito.”
Extra so, many individuals carrying the virus traveled outdoors the capital throughout Eid-Ul-Azha, which additionally could have contributed to the unfold, he added.
Manzur additionally stated it’s now mandatory to interrupt the transmission chain and one of many major strategies is to make use of mosquito nets while sleeping, sporting garments that shield uncovered physique elements, spraying repellants, and make certain clear water, particularly if stagnant, each week to keep away from getting bitten and destroy all potential Aedes breeding sources.
Utilizing foggers and killing grownup Aedes is of utmost precedence whereas utilizing larvicide and lowering breeding sources are equally necessary, he stated.
GM Saifur Rahman, one other entomologist, stated there’s a lack of mandatory tools to conduct correct anti-mosquito drives. So, the federal government should give mandatory consideration in this regard.
“It could be a lot simpler to manage the unfold of the illness and breeding of the mosquitoes if a vector administration authority, who would have the ability to present correct tips, was arranged.
“The LGRD ministry ought to ship a minimum of some written tips, nonetheless transient, to the district stage authorities, concerning the elimination of Aedes breeding sources and private safety.”